Paper presented at the 30th Annual Southern African Transport Conference 11-14 July 2011 "Africa on the Move", CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa.
In life-cycle assessments conducted over the past 25 years, bitumen-rubber has proven
itself as the most cost-effective modified binder in the South African bituminous product
spectrum. It has been proven that by using bitumen-rubber, the life cycle cost decreases
significantly whilst effectively increasing the functional performance and salvaging the
otherwise rapidly deteriorating South African roads. The deterioration of the South African
road network IS considered to be primarily the result of a lack of timely maintenance
intervention on the ageing existing infrastructure. In order to retain the performance
properties of the bitumen-rubber blend, South African roads engineers have adopted
design methods and construction techniques to ensure that only minimal cutter is added to the bitumen-rubber blend before application (this does not apply to winter-grade applications). The objective of this paper is to present case studies and performance of unusual projects where bitumen-rubber was used successfully in single and double seals in order to demonstrate how the design parameters were extended. A brief overview is given of the properties and manufacture of bitumen-rubber, whlch is common to the projects whlch will then be discussed. These case studies will demonstrate that although bitumen-rubber single seals provide a useful action on badly deteriorated roads, bitumenrubber double seals are more cost-effective and have a longer life.
This paper was transferred from the original CD ROM created for this conference. The material was published using Adobe Acrobat 10.1.0 Technology.
The original CD ROM was produced by Document Transformation Technologies Postal Address: PO Box 560 Irene 0062 South Africa. Tel.: +27 12 667 2074 Fax: +27 12 667 2766 E-mail: nigel@doctech URL: http://www.doctech.co.za