Browsing Research Articles (Biochemistry) by Title

Browsing Research Articles (Biochemistry) by Title

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  • Pardau, Madelein D.; Pereira, Andreia S.P.; Apostolides, Zeno; Serem, June Cheptoo; Bester, Megan Jean (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017-12)
    Ilex guayusa tea preparations are now commercially available as Runa tea. Little is known regarding the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory bioactivities of this tea. The I. guayusa teas had a total polyphenolic content ...
  • Archer, C. Ruth; Kohler, Angela; Pirk, Christian Walter Werner; Oosthuizen, Vinette; Apostolides, Zeno; Nicolson, Sue W. (Elsevier, 2014-12)
    Over-consuming amino acids is associated with reduced survival in many species, including honeybees. The mechanisms responsible for this are unclear but one possibility is that excessive intake of amino acids increases ...
  • Kuhn, David Norton; Livingstone III, Donald S.; Richards, Jennifer H.; Manosalva, Patricia M.; Van den Berg, Noelani; Chambers, Alan H. (Elsevier, 2019-02)
    Avocado (Persea americana) is an important tropical and subtropical fruit tree crop. Traditional tree breeding programs face the challenges of long generation time and significant expense in land and personnel resources. Avocado ...
  • Wiwanikit, Viroj; Tambo, Ernest; Ugwu, Emmanuel Chidiebere; Ngogang, Jeane Yonkeu; Zhou, Xiao-Nong (BioMed Central, 2015-01-09)
    The epidemic of the Ebola virus infection in West Africa in 2014 has become a worldwide concern. Due to the nature of the disease, which has an extremely high mortality potential, this outbreak has received much attention ...
  • Coetzee, Martin Petrus Albertus; Wingfield, Brenda D.; Wingfield, Michael J. (MDPI, 2018-10-24)
    This review considers current knowledge surrounding species boundaries of the Armillaria root-rot pathogens and their distribution. In addition, a phylogenetic tree using translation elongation factor subunit 1-alpha ...
  • Coertzen, Dina; Reader, Janette; Van der Watt, M.E. (Mariette); Nondaba, Sindisiwe; Gibhard, Liezl; Wiesner, Lubbe; Smith, Peter; D'Alessandro, Sarah; Taramelli, Donatella; Wong, Ho Ning; Du Preez, Jan L.; Wu, Ronald Wai Keung; Birkholtz, Lyn-Marie; Haynes, Richard K. (American Society for Microbiology, 2018-08)
    The emergence of resistance towards artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs) by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has the potential to severely compromise malaria control. Therefore, development of new artemisinins ...
  • Joubert, Monique; Reva, Oleg N.; Korotetskiy, Ilya S.; Shvidko, Sergey V.; Shilov, Sergey V.; Jumagaziyeva, Ardak B.; Kenesheva, Sabina T.; Suldina, Natalya A.; Ilin, Aleksandr I. (American Society for Microbiology, 2019-07)
    Staphylococcus aureus ATCC BAA-39 is the reference organism for a multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain that was used to study druginduced resistance reversion by an iodine-containing nanomolecular ...
  • Fang, Zhuo; Van der Merwe, Ruben Gerhard; Warren, Robin M.; Schubert, Wolf-Dieter; Gey van Pittius, Nicolaas C. (Elsevier, 2015-03)
    Tuberculosis threatens human health nowhere more than in developing countries with large malnourished and/or immune-compromised (e.g. HIV infected) populations. The etiological agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), ...
  • Moyo, Phanankosi; Kunyane, Phaladi; Selepe, Mamoalosi A.; Eloff, Jacobus Nicolaas; Niemand, Jandeli; Louw, Abraham Izak; Maharaj, Vinesh J.; Birkholtz, Lyn-Marie (BioMed Central, 2019-03-08)
    BACKGROUND : Optimal adoption of the malaria transmission-blocking strategy is currently limited by lack of safe and efficacious drugs. This has sparked the exploration of different sources of drugs in search of ...
  • Williams, Marni; Sprenger, Janina; Human, Esmare; Al-Karadaghic, Salem; Persson, Lo; Louw, Abraham Izak; Birkholtz, Lyn-Marie (Elsevier B.V., 2011)
    Plasmodium falciparum like other organisms is dependent on polyamines for proliferation. Polyamine biosynthesis in these parasites is regulated by a unique bifunctional S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase/ornithine decarboxylase ...
  • Martinez-Martinez, Monica; Alcaide, María; Tchigvintsev, Anatoli; Reva, Oleg N.; Polaina, Julio; Bargiela, Rafael; Guazzaroni, María-Eugenia; Chicote, Álvaro; Canet, Albert; Valero, Francisco; Eguizabal, Eugenio Rico; Guerrero, María del Carmen; Yakunin, Alexander F.; Ferrer, Manuel (American Society for Microbiology, 2013-06)
    The esterases and lipases from the / hydrolase superfamily exhibit an enormous sequence diversity, fold plasticity, and activities. Here, we present the comprehensive sequence and biochemical analyses of seven distinct ...
  • Van der Nest, Ariska; Wingfield, Michael J.; Ortiz, Paulo C.; Barnes, Irene (International Mycological Association, 2019-06-07)
    Lecanosticta acicola causes the disease known as brown spot needle blight (BSNB), on Pinus species. The pathogen is thought to have a Central American centre of origin. This was based on the morphological variation between ...
  • Anderson, Aaron; Kotze, Johann; Shwiff, Stephanie A; Hatch, Brody; Slootmaker, Chris; Conan, Anne; Knobel, Darryn Leslie; Nel, Louis Hendrik (Public Library of Science, 2019-05-22)
    We present a new modeling tool that can be used to maximize the impact of canine rabies management resources that are available at the local level. The model is accessible through a web-based interface that allows for ...
  • Lee, Charles K.; Laughlin, Daniel C.; Bottos, Eric M.; Caruso, Tancredi; Joy, Kurt; Barrett, John E.; Brabyn, Lars; Nielsen, Uffe N.; Adams, Byron J.; Wall, Diana H.; Hopkins, David W.; Pointing, Stephen B.; McDonald, Ian R.; Cowan, Don A.; Banks, Jonathan C.; Stichbury, Glen A.; Jones, Irfon; Zawar-Reza, Peyman; Katurji, Marwan; Hogg, Ian D.; Sparrow, Ashley D.; Storey, Bryan C.; Green, T. G. Allan; Cary, S. Craig (Nature Research, 2019-02-15)
    Abiotic and biotic factors control ecosystem biodiversity, but their relative contributions remain unclear. The ultraoligotrophic ecosystem of the Antarctic Dry Valleys, a simple yet highly heterogeneous ecosystem, is a ...
  • Nel, Wilma Janine; Duong, Tuan A.; De Beer, Z. Wilhelm; Wingfield, Michael J. (Wiley, 2019-06)
    Black root rot caused by the pathogen Thielaviopsis basicola has been known since the mid 1800s. The disease is important on many agricultural and ornamental plant species and has been found in at least 31 countries. Since ...
  • Saasa, Valentine; Beukes, Mervyn; Lemmer, Yolandy; Mwakikunga, Bonex (MDPI, 2019-12-17)
    Analysis of volatile organic compounds in the breath for disease detection and monitoring has gained momentum and clinical significance due to its rapid test results and non-invasiveness, especially for diabetes mellitus ...
  • Jami, Fahimeh; Marincowitz, Seonju; Slippers, Bernard; Crous, Pedro W.; Le Roux, Johannes J.; Richardson, David M.; Wingfield, Michael J. (Elsevier, 2019-11)
    Acacia koa and A. heterophylla are commonly occurring native trees on the Hawaiian Islands and La Réunion, respectively. A recent phylogenetic study suggested that A. heterophylla renders A. koa paraphyletic, and that the ...
  • Le Roux, Karlien; Prinsloo, Linda Charlotta; Meyer, Debra (Elsevier, 2015-03)
    Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is finding increasing biological application, for example in the analysis of diseased tissues and cells, cell cycle studies and investigating the mechanisms of action ...
  • Simpson, M.C. (Melissa Claire); Coetzee, Martin Petrus Albertus; Van der Nest, Magrieta Aletta; Wingfield, Michael J.; Wingfield, Brenda D. (Elsevier, 2018-12)
    Mating is central to many fungal life cycles and is controlled by genes at the mating-type (MAT) locus. These genes determine whether the fungus will be self-sterile (heterothallic) or self-fertile (homothallic). Species ...
  • Strauss, Steven H.; Boerjan, Wout; Chiang, Vincent; Costanza, Adam; Coleman, Heather; Davis, John M.; Lu, Meng-Zhu; Mansfield, Shawn D.; Merkle, Scott; Myburg, Alexander Andrew; Nilsson, Ove; Pilate, Gilles; Powell, William; Seguin, Armand; Valenzuela, Sofia (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019-08-23)
    Forest certification bodies were established to provide consumers with confidence that they are purchasing sustainably sourced wood products.