Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Recent Submissions

  • Moyo, Phanankosi; Kunyane, Phaladi; Selepe, Mamoalosi A.; Eloff, Jacobus Nicolaas; Niemand, Jandeli; Louw, Abraham Izak; Maharaj, Vinesh J.; Birkholtz, Lyn-Marie (BioMed Central, 2019-03-08)
    BACKGROUND : Optimal adoption of the malaria transmission-blocking strategy is currently limited by lack of safe and efficacious drugs. This has sparked the exploration of different sources of drugs in search of ...
  • Nel, Wilma Janine; Duong, Tuan A.; De Beer, Z. Wilhelm; Wingfield, Michael J. (Wiley, 2019-06)
    Black root rot caused by the pathogen Thielaviopsis basicola has been known since the mid 1800s. The disease is important on many agricultural and ornamental plant species and has been found in at least 31 countries. Since ...
  • Kuhn, David Norton; Livingstone III, Donald S.; Richards, Jennifer H.; Manosalva, Patricia M.; Van den Berg, Noelani; Chambers, Alan H. (Elsevier, 2019-02)
    Avocado (Persea americana) is an important tropical and subtropical fruit tree crop. Traditional tree breeding programs face the challenges of long generation time and significant expense in land and personnel resources. Avocado ...
  • Pienaar, Ronel; Neitz, A.W.H. (Albert Walter Herman); Mans, Ben J. (Barend Johannes) (MDPI Publishing, 2018-05-14)
    In comparison to other arachnids, ticks are major vectors of disease, but less than 8% of the known species are capable of inducing paralysis, as compared to the ~99–100% arachnids that belong to venomous classes. When ...
  • Sakupwanya, Masiyiwa Ngoni; Labuschagne, Nico; Loots, Mattheus Theodor; Apostolides, Zeno (Springer, 2018-07)
    Root rot of citrus trees caused by Phytophthora nicotianae is responsible for severe economic losses in citriculture. Use of resistant rootstocks is an effective method of managing this problem, however, breeding and ...
  • Otto, Margot; Hammerbacher, Almuth; Petersen, Yolanda; Pierneef, Rian; Coutinho, Teresa A. (Springer, 2018-07)
    It has recently been shown that Pseudomonas syringae strains pathogenic to woody hosts belonging to phylogroup (PG) 2 lack phenolic compound degradation pathways such as the beta-ketoadipate and protocatechuate pathways. ...
  • Koech, Robert K.; Malebe, Pelly M.; Nyarukowa, Christopher; Mose, Richard; Kamunya, Samson M.; Apostolides, Zeno (Springer, 2018-02)
    Tea (Camellia sinensis) contains polyphenols and caffeine which have been found to be of popular interest in tea quality. Tea production relies on well-distributed rainfall which influence tea quality. Phenotypic data for ...
  • Taute, Helena; Bester, Megan Jean; Gaspar, A.R.M. (Anabella Regina Marques) (Wiley, 2019-04)
    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), Os and Os‐C, have been identified as multifunctional peptides with antibacterial, antiendotoxin, and anti‐inflammatory properties. For further development of Os and Os‐C as therapeutic peptides, ...
  • Klopper, Ronell R.; De Beer, Z. Wilhelm; Smith, Gideon F. (AOSIS Open Journals, 2018-05-23)
    BACKGROUND : A Nomenclature Section meeting to amend the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants is held every six years, a week before the International Botanical Congress. OBJECTIVES : To report ...
  • Wierzbicki, Martin P.; Maloney, Victoria; Mizrachi, Eshchar; Myburg, Alexander Andrew (Frontiers Media, 2019-02)
    Lignocellulosic biomass, encompassing cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose in plant secondary cell walls (SCWs), is the most abundant source of renewable materials on earth. Currently, fast-growing woody dicots such as ...
  • Hergert, Melinda; Le Roux, Kevin; Nel, Louis Hendrik (BioMed Central, 2018-09-10)
    BACKGROUND : Canine rabies has been enzootic in the dog population of the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa since the mid-1970s and has been associated with high rates of human exposures and frequent transmissions ...
  • Mohr, Teresa; Aliyu, Habibu; Kuchlin, Raphael; Zwick, Michaela; Cowan, Don A.; Neumann, Anke; De Maayer, Pieter (BioMed Central, 2018)
    BACKGROUND : The facultatively anaerobic thermophile Parageobacillus thermoglucosidasius produces hydrogen gas (H2) by coupling CO oxidation to proton reduction in the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction via a carbon ...
  • Adam, Sumaiya; Coetzee, Melantha; Honey, E.M. (Engela) (Dove Medical Press, 2018)
    Pena–Shokeir syndrome (PSS) type 1, also known as fetal akinesia deformation sequence, is a rare genetic syndrome that almost always results in intrauterine or early neonatal death. It is characterized by markedly decreased ...
  • Simpson, M.C. (Melissa Claire); Coetzee, Martin Petrus Albertus; Van der Nest, Magrieta Aletta; Wingfield, Michael J.; Wingfield, Brenda D. (Elsevier, 2018-12)
    Mating is central to many fungal life cycles and is controlled by genes at the mating-type (MAT) locus. These genes determine whether the fungus will be self-sterile (heterothallic) or self-fertile (homothallic). Species ...
  • Naidoo, Alex R. (University of Pretoria, 2014)
    With the emergence of drug resistant bacteria, the need for new antimicrobial agents is growing. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are natural antibiotics which have a broad spectrum of activity and also due to a great diversity ...
  • Morake, Mokhitli; Coertzen, Dina; Ngwane, Andile; Wentzel, Johannes F.; Wong, Ho Ning; Smit, Frans J.; Birkholtz, Lyn-Marie; Pietersen, Ray-Dean; Baker, Bienyameen; Wiid, Ian; N'Da, David D.; Haynes, Richard K. (Wiley, 2018-01)
    To evaluate the feasibility of developing drugs that may be active against both malaria and tuberculosis (TB) by using in part putative cholesterol transporters in the causative pathogens and through enhancement of passive ...
  • Crous, Pedro W.; Wingfield, Michael J.; Burgess, T.I.; Hardy, G.E.St.J.; Gene, J.; Guarro, J.; Baseia, I.G.; Garcia, D.; Gusmao, L.F.P.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Thangavel, R.; Adamcík, S.; Barili, A.; Barnes, C.W.; Bezerra, J.D.P.; Bordallo, J.J.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; De Oliveira, R.J.V.; Ercole, E.; Hubka, V.; Iturrieta-Gonzalez, I.; Kubatova, A.; Martín, M.P.; Moreau, P.-A.; Morte, A.; Ordonez, M.E.; Rodríguez, A.; Stchigel, A.M.; Vizzini, A.; Abdollahzadeh, J.; Abreu, V.P.; Adamcíkova, K.; Albuquerque, G.M.R.; Alexandrova, A.V.; Alvarez Duarte, E.; Armstrong-Cho, C.; Banniza, S.; Barbosa, R.N.; Bellanger, J.-M.; Bezerra, J.L.; Cabral, T.S.; Cabon, M.; Caicedo, E.; Cantillo, T.; Carnegie, A.J.; Carmo, L.T.; Castañeda-Ruiz, R.F.; Clement, C.R.; Cmokova, A.; Conceição, L.B.; Cruz, R.H.S.F.; Damm, u.; Da Silva, B.D.B.; Da Silva, G.A.; Da Silva, R.M.F.; De A. Santiago, A.L.C.M.; De Oliveira, L.F.; De Souza, C.A.F.; Deniel, F.; Dima, B.; Dong, G.; Edwards, J.; Felix, C.R.; Fournier, J.; Gibertoni, T.B.; Hosaka, K.; Iturriaga, T.; Jadan, M.; Jany, J.-L.; Jurjevic, Z.; Kolarík, M.; Kusan, I.; Landell, M.F.; Leite Cordeiro, T.R.; Lima, D.X.; Loizides, M.; Luo, S.; Machado, A.R.; Madrid, H.; Magalhaes, O.M.C.; Marinho, P.; Matocec, N.; Mesic, A.; Miller, A.N.; Morozova, O.V.; Neves, R.P.; Nonaka, K.; Novakova, A.; Oberlies, N.H.; Oliveira-Filho, J.R.C.; Oliveira, T.G.L.; Papp, V.; Pereira, O.L.; Perrone, G.; Peterson, S.W.; Pham, T.H.G.; Raja, H.A.; Raudabaugh, D.B.; Rehulka, J.; Rodríguez-Andrade, E.; Saba, M.; Schauflerova, A.; Shivas, R.G.; Simonini, G.; Siqueira, J.P.Z.; Sousa, J.O.; Stajsic, V.; Svetasheva, T.; Tan, Y.P.; Tkalcec, Z.; Ullah, S.; Valente, P.; Valenzuela-Lopez, N.; Abrinbana, M.; Viana Marques, D.A.; Wong, P.T.W.; Xavier de Lima, V.; Groenewald, J.Z. (Naturalis Biodiversity Center, 2018-07-13)
    Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Australia, Chaetopsina eucalypti on Eucalyptus leaf litter, Colletotrichum cobbittiense from Cordyline stricta × C. australis ...
  • Phoma, Sandra; Vikram, Surendra; Jansson, Janet K.; Ansorge, Isabelle J.; Cowan, Don A.; Van de Peer, Yves; Makhalanyane, Thulani P. (Nature Publising Group, 2018-07-12)
    Understanding the impact of oceanographic features on marine microbial ecosystems remains a major ecological endeavour. Here we assess microbial diversity, community structure and functional capacity along the Agulhas ...
  • Defoort, Jonas; Van de Peer, Yves; Vermeirssen, Vanessa (Oxford University Press, 2018-06-05)
    Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) consist of different molecular interactions that closely work together to establish proper gene expression in time and space. Especially in higher eukaryotes, many questions remain on ...
  • Baloyi, I.T.; Cosa, Sekelwa; Combrinck, Sandra; Leonard, Carmen M.; Viljoen, Alvaro M. (Elsevier, 2019-05)
    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) primarily affect women and have increasingly become a serious health problem globally. These infections are largely attributed to the quorum sensing (QS)-dependent ability of pathogens to ...

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