Browsing Research Articles (Medical Virology) by Issue Date

Browsing Research Articles (Medical Virology) by Issue Date

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  • Botha, Elizabeth Magdelena; Markotter, Wanda; Wolfaardt, Marianne; Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz; Swanepoel, Robert; Palacios, Gustavo; Nel, Louis Hendrik; Venter, Marietjie (Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008-02)
    We determined complete genome sequences of lineage 2 West Nile virus (WNV) strains isolated from patients in South Africa who had mild or severe WNV infections. These strains had previously been shown to produce either ...
  • Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Mala; Gumede, Nicksy; Jegouic, Sophie; Balanant, Jean; Andriamamonjy, Seta N.; Rabemanantsoa, Sendraharimanana; Birmingham, Maureen; Randriamanalina, Bakolalao; Nkolomoni, Léon; Venter, Marietjie; Schoub, Barry D.; Delpeyroux, Francis; Reynes, Jean-Marc (University of Chicago Press, 2008-05-15)
    Background. After the 2001–2002 poliomyelitis outbreak due to recombinant vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) in the Toliara province of Madagascar, another outbreak reoccurred in the same province in 2005. Methods. We ...
  • Briese, Thomas; Renwick, Neil; Venter, Marietjie; Jarman, Richard G.; Ghosh, Dhrubaa; Kondgen, Sophie; Shrestha, Sanjaya K.; Hoegh, A. Mette; Casas, Inmaculada; Adjogoua, Edgard Valerie; Akoua-Koffi, Chantal; Myint, Khin Saw; Williams, David T.; Chidlow, Glenys; Van den Berg, Ria; Calvo, Cristina; Koch, Orienka; Palacios, Gustavo; Kapoor, Vishal; Villari, Joseph; Dominguez, Samuel R.; Holmes, Kathryn V.; Harnett, Gerry; Smith, David; Mackenzie, John S.; Ellerbrok, Heinz; Schweiger, Brunhilde; Schonning, Kristian; Chadha, Mandeep S.; Leendertz, Fabian H.; Mishra, A.C.; Gibbons, Robert V.; Holmes, Edward C.; Lipkin, Ian W. (Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008-06)
    Global surveillance for a novel rhinovirus genotype indicated its association with community outbreaks and pediatric respiratory disease in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and North America. Molecular dating indicates ...
  • Fielding, Katherine L.; Charalambous, Salome; Stenson, Amy L.; Pemba, Lindiwe F.; Martin, Desmond J.; Wood, Robin; Churchyard, Gavin J.; Grant, Alison D. (BioMed Central, 2008-07)
    BACKGROUND: Reasons for the variation in reported treatment outcomes from antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes in developing countries are not clearly defined. METHODS: Among ART-naïve individuals in a workplace ART ...
  • Venter, Marietjie; Visser, Adele; Lassauniere, Ria (Elsevier, 2009)
    BACKGROUND: The importance of two recently identified polyomaviruses, WUV and KIV, as respiratory pathogens in populations with a high HIV prevalence needs to be defined, since human polyomaviruses can cause significant ...
  • Mans, Janet; Zhi, Li; Revilleza, Maria Jamela R.; Smith, Lee; Redwood, Alec; Natarajan, Kannan; Margulies, David H. (Springer, 2009)
    The mouse cytomegalovirus (CMV), a β-herpesvirus, exploits its large (~230 kb) double-stranded DNA genome for both essential and non-essential functions. Among the non-essential functions are those that offer the virus a ...
  • Venter, Marietjie; Human, Stacey; Zaayman, Dewald; Gerdes, Gertruida Hermanna; Williams, J.H. (June Heather); Steyl, Johan Christian Abraham; Leman, Patricia A.; Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz; Setzkorn, Hildegard; Rous, Gavin; Murray, Sue; Parker, Rissa; Donnellan, C.M.B. (Cynthia Mary Bridget); Swanepoel, Robert (Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009-05-06)
    Serologic evidence suggests that West Nile virus (WNV) is widely distributed in horses in Southern Africa. However, because few neurologic cases have been reported, endemic lineage 2 strains were postulated to be non-pathogenic ...
  • Venter, Marietjie; Blumberg, Lucille H. (OpenJournals, 2009-07)
    Within three months of its discovery, the new Influenza A (H1N1) swineflu strain has spread to such an extent that a pandemic has been declared by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although most cases seem to be mild, ...
  • Venter, Marietjie; Swanepoel, Robert (Mary Ann Liebert, 2010)
    West Nile virus (WNV) is widely distributed in South Africa, but since a few cases of neurological disease have been reported from this region, endemic lineage 2 strains were postulated to be of low virulence. Several ...
  • Potgieter, Natasha; De Beer, Mariet C.; Taylor, Maureen B.; Steele, A.D. (Andrew Duncan) (University of Chicago Press, 2010)
    BACKROUND: Data regarding the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of rotavirus infection in rural areas of Africa are limited. In this study the prevalence and genetic diversity of rotaviruses in a rural South African setting ...
  • Venter, Marietjie; Steyl, Johan Christian Abraham; Weyer, Jacqueline; Zaayman, Dewald; Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz; Swanepoel, Robert; Human, Stacey; Blumberg, Lucille H.; Leman, Patricia A. (Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010-03)
    No abstract available.
  • Lassauniere, Ria; Kresfelder, T.L.; Venter, Marietjie (Elsevier, 2010-05)
    Quantitative multiplex real-time RT-PCR assays utilizing fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) hybridization probes were developed for the detection of 13 respiratory viruses, including well recognized viral causes ...
  • Shah, Maunank; Martinson, Neil A.; Chaisson, Richard E.; Martin, Desmond J.; Variava, Ebrahim; Dorman, Susan E. (American Society for Microbiology, 2010-08)
    Urinary lipoarabinomannan (LAM) detection is a promising approach for rapid diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB). In microbiologically confirmed TB patients, quantitative LAM detection results increased progressively with ...
  • Mans, Janet; De Villiers, J.C. (Johanna Corrie); Du Plessis, Nicolette M.; Avenant, T.J. (Theunis Johannes); Taylor, Maureen B. (Elsevier, 2010-08)
    BACKGROUND: Noroviruses (NoVs)are important enteric pathogens that cause gastroenteritis worldwide. The first documented NoV outbreaks in South Africa(SA)were described in 1993. The current NoV prevalence and circulating ...
  • Wolfaardt, Marianne; Kiulia, Nicholas M.; Mwenda, Jason M.; Taylor, Maureen B. (Springer, 2011-02)
    A human astrovirus (HAstV) strain from Kenya was characterized by nucleotide sequence analysis. Sequences from open reading frame 1a (ORF1a) clustered with genotype 6/7, those from ORF1b clustered with genotype 3, and ...
  • Richter, Karin Louise (OpenJournals Publishing, 2011-03)
    The identification of human papillomavirus (HPV) as the aetiological agent for cervical cancer has important implications for the future of cervical cancer screening and prevention strategies. Despite the availability of ...
  • Bosch, Albert; Sanchez, Gloria; Abbaszadegan, Morteza; Carducci, Annalaura; Guix, Susana; Le Guyader, Françoise S.; Netshikweta, Rembuluwani; Pinto, Rosa M.; Van der Poel, Wim H.M.; Rutjes, Saskia; Sano, Daisuke; Taylor, Maureen B.; Van Zyl, Walda B.; Rodriguez-Lazaro, David; Kovac, Katarina; Sellwood, Jane (Springer, 2011-03)
    Potential ways to address the issues that relate to the techniques for analyzing food and environmental samples for the presence of enteric viruses are discussed. It is not the authors’ remit to produce or recommend ...
  • Wang, Bingxia; Losina, Elena; Stark, Ruth; Munro, Alison; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Wilke, Marisa; Martin, Desmond J.; Lu, Zhigang; Freedberg, Kenneth A.; Wood, Robin (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2011-04)
    BACKGROUND: Faith-based organisations have expanded antiretroviral therapy (ART) in community clinics across South Africa. Loss to follow-up (LTFU), however, limits the potential individual and population treatment benefits ...
  • Erasmus, Marcelle (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2011-05)
    Viral infections of the central nervous system (CNS) include both acute and chronic conditions caused by a broad range of different viruses. It is useful to divide these infections according to the anatomical area affected ...
  • Richter, Karin Louise (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2011-05)
    There is now enough scientific evidence available to predict that conventional cervical cancer screening with cytology will eventually be replaced by testing for markers of HPV infection associated with disease progression. ...