Research Articles (Medical Virology)

Research Articles (Medical Virology)

 

Recent Submissions

  • Tempia, Stefano; Walaza, Sibongile; Moyes, Jocelyn; Cohen, Adam L.; Von Mollendorf, Claire; McMorrow, Meredith L.; Mhlanga, Sarona; Treurnicht, Florette K.; Venter, Marietjie; Pretorius, Marthi A.; Hellferscee, Orienka; Wolter, Nicole; Von Gottberg, Anne; Nguweneza, Arthemon; McAnerney, Johanna M.; Dawood, Halima; Variava, Ebrahim; Madhi, Shabir A.; Cohen, Cheryl (Wiley Open Access, 2018-05)
    BACKGROUND : The attributable fraction of influenza virus detection to illness (INF-AF) and the duration of symptoms as a surveillance inclusion criterion could potentially have substantial effects on influenza disease ...
  • Moyo, F.; Mazanderani, Ahmad Haeri; Bhardwaj, S.; Mhlongo, O.B.; Kufa, T.; Ng’oma, K.; Smith, B.A.; Sherman, G.G. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2018-04)
    BACKGROUND. Identifying and addressing gaps in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is required if South Africa (SA) is to achieve targets for eliminating MTCT (eMTCT). Potential PMTCT gaps that ...
  • Geldenhuys, Marike; Mortlock, Marinda; Weyer, Jacqueline; Bezuidt, K.I.O. (Keoagile Ignatius Oliver); Seamark, Ernest; Kearney, Teresa; Gleasner, Cheryl; Erkkila, Tracy H.; Cui, Helen; Markotter, Wanda (Public Library of Science, 2018-03-26)
    Species within the Neoromicia bat genus are abundant and widely distributed in Africa. It is common for these insectivorous bats to roost in anthropogenic structures in urban regions. Additionally, Neoromicia capensis ...
  • Maes, Piet; Alkhovsky, Sergey V.; Bào, Yīmíng; Beer, Martin; Birkhead, Monica; Briese, Thomas; Buchmeier, Michael J.; Calisher, Charles H.; Charrel, Rémi N.; Choi, Il Ryong; Clegg, Christopher S.; De la Torre, Juan Carlos; Delwart, Eric; DeRisi, Joseph L.; Di Bello, Patrick L.; Di Serio, Francesco; Digiaro, Michele; Dolja, Valerian V.; Drosten, Christian; Druciarek, Tobiasz Z.; Du, Jiang; Ebihara, Hideki; Elbeaino, Toufic; Gergerich, Rose C.; Gillis, Amethyst N.; Gonzalez, Jean-Paul J.; Haenni, Anne-Lise; Hepojoki, Jussi; Hetzel, Udo; Hồ, Thiện; Hóng, Ní; Jain, Rakesh K.; Jansen van Vuren, Petrus; Jin, Qi; Jonson, Miranda Gilda; Junglen, Sandra; Keller, Karen E.; Kemp, Alan; Kipar, Anja; Kondov, Nikola O.; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kormelink, Richard; Korzyukov, Yegor; Krupovic, Mart; Lambert, Amy J.; Laney, Alma G.; LeBreton, Matthew; Lukashevich, Igor S.; Marklewitz, Marco; Markotter, Wanda; Martelli, Giovanni P.; Martin, Robert R.; Mielke-Ehret, Nicole; Mühlbach, Hans-Peter; Navarro, Beatriz; Ng, Terry Fei Fan; Nunes, Márcio Roberto Teixeira; Palacios, Gustavo; Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz; Peters, Clarence J.; Plyusnin, Alexander; Radoshitzky, Sheli R.; Romanowski, Víctor; Salmenperä, Pertteli; Salvato, Maria S.; Sanfaçon, Hélène; Sasaya, Takahide; Schmaljohn, Connie; Schneider, Bradley S.; Shirako, Yukio; Siddell, Stuart; Sironen, Tarja A.; Stenglein, Mark D.; Storm, Nadia; Sudini, Harikishan; Tesh, Robert B.; Tzanetakis, Ioannis E.; Uppala, Mangala; Vapalahti, Olli; Vasilakis, Nikos; Walker, Peter J.; Wáng, Guópíng; Wáng, Lìpíng; Wáng, Yànxiăng; Wèi, Tàiyún; Wiley, Michael R.; Wolf, Yuri I.; Wolfe, Nathan D.; Wú, Zhìqiáng; Xú, Wénxìng; Yang, Li; Yāng, Zuòkūn; Yeh, Shyi-Dong; Zhāng, Yǒng-Zhèn; Zhèng, Yàzhōu; Zhou, Xueping; Zhū, Chénxī; Zirkel, Florian; Kuhn, Jens H. (Springer, 2018-04)
    In 2018, the family Arenaviridae was expanded by inclusion of 1 new genus and 5 novel species. At the same time, the recently established order Bunyavirales was expanded by 3 species. This article presents the updated ...
  • Kgaladi, Joe; Faber, Milosz; Dietzschold, Bernhard; Nel, Louis Hendrik; Markotter, Wanda (MDPI Publishing, 2017-08-09)
    Lagos bat virus (LBV) is a phylogroup II lyssavirus exclusively found in Africa. Previous studies indicated that this virus is lethal to mice after intracranial and intramuscular inoculation. The antigenic composition ...
  • Coetzer, Andre; Coertse, Jessica; Makalo, Mabusetsa Joseph; Molomo, Marosi; Markotter, Wanda; Nel, Louis Hendrik (MDPI Publishing, 2017-07-19)
    Rabies is widespread throughout Africa and Asia, despite the fact that the control and elimination of this disease has been proven to be feasible. Lesotho, a small landlocked country surrounded by South Africa, has been ...
  • Joao, Eva Dora; Strydom, Amy; O’Neill, Hester G.; Cuamba, Assa; Cassocera, Marta; Acacio, Sozinho; Mandomando, Inacio; Motanyane, Lithabiso; Page, Nicola; De Deus, Nilsa (Springer Verlag, 2018-01)
    In Mozambique rotavirus (RV) was shown to be the greatest cause of acute diarrhoea in infants from 0 to 11 months, and in 2015, national rotavirus vaccination was introduced. As with other developing countries, there is ...
  • Mayaphi, Simnikiwe H.; Martin, Desmond J.; Olorunju, Steve A.S.; Williams, Brian G.; Quinn, Thomas C.; Stoltz, Anton Carel (Public Library of Science, 2018-02-02)
    OBJECTIVE : To assess the prevalence of HIV risk behaviour among sexually active HIV sero-negative individuals in the Tshwane district of South Africa (SA). METHODS : Demographic and HIV risk behaviour data were collected ...
  • Braack, L.E.O.; De Almeida, Antonio Paulo Gouveia; Cornel, Anthony J.; Swanepoel, Robert; De Jager, Christiaan (BioMed Central, 2018-01-09)
    Key aspects of 36 mosquito-borne arboviruses indigenous to Africa are summarized, including lesser or poorly-known viruses which, like Zika, may have the potential to escape current sylvatic cycling to achieve greater ...
  • Storm, Nadia; Jansen van Vuren, Petrus; Markotter, Wanda; Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz (MDPI Publishing, 2018-02-10)
    Egyptian rousette bats (ERBs) are reservoir hosts for the Marburg virus (MARV). The immune dynamics and responses to MARV infection in ERBs are poorly understood, and limited information exists on the role of antibodies ...
  • Jansen van Vuren, Petrus; Wiley, Michael R.; Palacios, Gustavo; Storm, Nadia; Markotter, Wanda; Birkhead, Monica; Kemp, Alan; Paweska, Janusz Tadeusz (Microbiology Society, 2017-05)
    The Bunyaviridae family comprises viruses causing diseases of public and veterinary health importance, including viral haemorrhagic and arboviral fevers. We report the isolation, identification and genome characterization ...
  • Van Abel, Nicole; Taylor, Maureen B. (Elsevier, 2018)
    Access to microbiologically safe water is not a reality for many people throughout Sub-Saharan Africa where there is widespread occurrence of viruses in water sources. Exposure to this water can lead to adverse health risks ...
  • Hellferscee, Orienka; Treurnicht, Florette K.; Tempia, Stefano; Variava, Ebrahim; Dawood, Halima; Kahn, Kathleen; Cohen, Adam L.; Pretorius, Marthi A.; Cohen, Cheryl; Madhi, Shabir A.; Venter, Marietjie (Wiley Open Access, 2017-04)
    BACKGROUND : Human enteroviruses (EV) have been associated with severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) in South Africa. OBJECTIVES : We aimed to describe the molecular epidemiology of EV serotypes among patients ...
  • Van Zummeren, Marjolein; Kremer, Wieke W.; Van Aardt, M.C. (Matthys Cornelis); Breytenbach, Erika; Richter, Karin Louise; Rozendaal, Lawrence; Witte, Birgit I.; De Strooper, Lise M.A.; Hesselink, Albertus T.; Heideman, Danielle A.M.; Snijders, Peter J.F.; Steenbergen, Renske D.M.; Dreyer, Greta; Meijer, Chris J.L.M. (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2017-09)
    OBJECTIVE : Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in women in South Africa. This study evaluates DNA methylation levels in cervical (pre)cancer and aims to assess the value of high-risk human ...
  • Page, Nicola; Seheri, L.M.; Groome, M.J.; Moyes, J.; Walaza, S.; Mphahlele, J.; Kahn, K.; Kapongo, C.N.; Zar, H.J.; Tempia, S.; Cohen, C.; Madhi, S.A. (Elsevier, 2017)
    BACKGROUND : Rotavirus vaccination has reduced diarrhoeal morbidity and mortality globally. The monovalent rotavirus vaccine was introduced into the public immunization program in South Africa (SA) in 2009 and led to ...
  • Agha, Sheila B.; Chepkorir, Edith; Mulwa, Francis; Tigoi, Caroline; Arum, Samwel; Guarido, Milehna M.; Ambala, Peris; Chelangat, Betty; Lutomiah, Joel; Tchouassi, David Poumo; Turell, Michael J.; Sang, Rosemary (Public Library of Science, 2017-08-18)
    BACKGROUND : In April, 2004, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Kenya and eventually spread to the islands in the Indian Ocean basin, South-East Asia, and the Americas. The virus, which is often associated with ...
  • Technau, Karl-Gunter; Mazanderani, Ahmad Haeri; Kuhn, Louise; Hans, Lucia; Strehlau, Renate; Abrams, Elaine J.; Conradie, Martie; Coovadia, Ashraf; Mbete, Ndileka; Murnane, Pamela M.; Patel, Faeezah; Shiau, Stephanie; Tiemessen, Caroline T.; Sherman, Gayle G. (BioMed Central, 2017-08-29)
    IINTRODUCTION : HIV-1 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing at birth aims to facilitate earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected neonates. Data from two years of universal birth testing ...
  • Sherman, Gayle G.; Mazanderani, Ahmad Haeri; Barron, Peter; Bhardwaj, Sanjana; Niit, Ronelle; Okobi, Margaret; Puren, Adrian; Jackson, Debra J.; Goga, Ameena Ebrahim (Edinburgh University Global Health Society, 2017-06)
    BACKGROUND : South Africa has utilized three independent data sources to measure the impact of its program for the prevention of mother–to–child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. These include the South African National ...
  • Groome, Michelle J.; Koen, Anthonet; Fix, Alan; Page, Nicola; Jose, Lisa; Madhi, Shabir A.; McNeal, Monica; Dally, Len; Cho, Iksung; Power, Maureen; Flores, Jorge; Cryz, Stanley (Elsevier, 2017-08)
    BACKGROUND Efficacy of live oral rotavirus vaccines is reduced in low-income compared with high-income settings. Parenteral non-replicating rotavirus vaccines might offer benefits over oral vaccines. We assessed the ...
  • Chan, Martin C.W.; Hu, Yunwen; Chen, Haili; Podkolzin, Alexander T.; Zaytseva, Ekaterina V.; Komano, Jun; Sakon, Naomi; Poovorawan, Yong; Vongpunsawad, Sompong; Thanusuwannasak, Thanundorn; Hewitt, Joanne; Croucher, Dawn; Collins, Nikail; Vinje, Jan; Pang, Xiaoli L.; Lee, Bonita E.; De Graaf, Miranda; Van Beek, Janko; Vennema, Harry; Koopmans, Marion P.G.; Niendorf, Sandra; Poljsak-Prijatelj, Mateja; Steyer, Andrej; White, Peter A.; Lun, Jennifer H.; Mans, Janet; Hung, Tin-Nok; Kwok, Kirsty; Cheung, Kelton; Lee, Nelson; Chan, Paul K.S. (Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017-08)
    Analysis of complete capsid sequences of the emerging norovirus GII.17 Kawasaki 308 from 13 countries demonstrated that they originated from a single haplotype since the initial emergence in China in late 2014. Global ...

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