Erwee, Markus Wouter; Reynolds, Q.G.; Zietsman, J.H.; Bezuidenhout, P.J.A.(Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 2019-06)
Pyrometallurgical furnaces are tapped through tap-holes that are opened with drills and oxygen lances.
The lance is often used on its own or as the last step of opening the tap-hole. Interaction of oxygen with