The dream of a ‘rainbow nation’ in South Africa appears to be on the wane as ethnic tension and
conflict seem to simmer just beneath the surface. This article investigates Paul’s approach to
the issue of ethnic identity with reference to ethnicity and social identity theory. Initially, Paul
adopted a radical approach, which basically rendered ethnic identity irrelevant. However,
he came to realise that ethnic differences need to be accommodated within the group of
Jesus followers. The article applies these insights in calling for strong, moral, visionary and
discerning leadership in South Africa.