The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been ravished by internal conflicts for the past
two decades. These conflicts have come at a great cost to the people of the DRC, often
resulting in a number of human rights atrocities. These atrocities range from the loss of life,
resulted in internal displacement and creation of refugees’ communities, as well as the
destruction of property and infrastructure , all contributing to prevailing conditions of
poverty and deep societal divisions. While there are many underlying factors that fuel these
conflicts, the key drivers of the conflict are linked to the unequal distribution of the DRC’s
national resources and the mismanagement of public services. Intense frustration and a sense
of helplessness to change the status quo have repeatedly manifested itself in a cycle of war
and ethnic cleansing. In this regard, the pattern of conflicts has been the manifestation of the
frustration of the Congolese people as a whole.
Thesis (LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa)) -- University of Pretoria, 2010.
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Law University of Pretoria, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Masters of Law (LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa). Prepared under the supervision of Prof. Nico Steytler at the Faculty of Law, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa. 2010.