Africa is home to more than 40% of the world’s population of internally displaced persons (IDPs).4 IDPs,
according to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement5, are persons or groups of persons who
have been forced to leave their homes or places of habitual residence as a result of – or in order to
avoid the effects of – armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights,
natural disasters or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognised
Thesis (LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa)) -- University of Pretoria, 2010.
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Law University of Pretoria, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Masters of Law (LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa). Prepared under the supervision of Mr. S Tindifa at the Faculty of Law, Makerere University, Uganda. 2010.