The Kel Tamachek and Hassanya are nomadic people who live in Sahel‐Sahara but some of them
have become semi‐nomad or sedentary throughout the time. Since the independence they were
divided in five countries. In Mali they occupy the 75% with 932 490 sqm of the territory which is 1
241 238 sqm5 and 10% of the population’s 13 millions.6 Their area is the north Mali which is
administratively divided in three regions: Timbuktu, Gao and Kidal called also respectively the 6th
region, 7th region and 8th region. They share the area with other ethnic groups such as Fulbe which
are nomadic peoples and indigenous peoples and the Songhai or Sonrhai, Sorko and Bambara.
The Kel Tamachek as other indigenous peoples of the world were discriminated and marginalized
which started since the colonization. The colonizers tried to exterminate them because of their
resistance and their refusal to be dominated and assimilated. The Frenchmen after establishing their
power on the colonies started to ‘civilize’ their subjects. However, the nomads were forgotten in
these programs because no school was created in their area. And when an exceptional leader
Mohamed Ali Ag Attaher Alansary11understood that the best arm for combating the colonizers was
to learn their knowledge which will ensure also the success for the future.
Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Law University of Pretoria, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Masters of Law (LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa). Prepared under the supervision of Ms Odile L. Tung,
Faculty of Law & Management, University of Mauritius, Mauritius. 2010.
Thesis (LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa))--University of Pretoria, 2010.