This article proceeds from the thesis that the formula 'ekklesia' forms the basis
of Pauline ecclesiology. To be "in Christ" means to participate in the "Sache
Jesu". Participation also means that the believer becomes part of the church.
From this thesis the problem of unity and diversity in Galatians is argued.
According tot Galatians 2:1-14 it is clear that the "Sache Jesu" was interpreted in
diverse ways. The diverse interpretations gave way to conflict between Christian
parties. The Christians in Antioch did not follow the Jewish law. Their opponents
however felt that it was imperative to hold to circumcision and the Jewish law. It
is argued that the term 'ekklesia' was chosen against the term 'sunagoge' because
of the latter term's affiliation with Christians who held to the Jewish law.
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