Diabetes mellitus is associated with a two- to four-fold increased risk of coronary artery disease, and in diabetic people, about two-thirds of deaths are cardiovascular
(ischaemic heart disease, congestive heart failure and stroke).Some have suggested diabetes mellitus to be a coronary heart disease risk equivalent (having the same event rates as people without diabetes
but with prior cardiovascular disease). However, this concept remains controversial, especially in younger patients.
Ker, James A.; Outhoff, Kim(Medpharm Publications, 2020-07)
Heart failure is a heterogeneous progressive syndrome of symptoms and signs, a culmination of structural and/or functional abnormalities of the heart. There is an elevated intracardiac pressure or reduced cardiac output ...
Kitshoff, Adriaan Mynhardt; Elliott, Ross Christopher; University of Pretoria. Faculty of Veterinary Science; Mnguni , Hlengiwe(2021-02-15)
Two University of Pretoria (UP) veterinary surgeons have performed life-saving heart surgery on two dogs by using a ground-breaking technique. This is a first in the 100-year history of the Faculty of Veterinary Science in ...
There has been co-evolution of a long neck and high blood pressure in giraffes. How the cardiovascular
system (CVS) has adapted to produce a high blood pressure, and how it compares with other similar sized
mammals largely ...