Masonry has been used for frame construction in residential housing for many years and is still a popular building method today. In South Africa masonry is the most common construction material which is not the case in other countries. America and Australia has a big market for timber frame construction in residential housing.
The objective of this study is to determine whether the conventional masonry building method can be replaced by the light steel frame construction method which is starting to make its appearance in South Africa or the timber frame construction method commonly used in America and Australia. A comparison is made between steel, timber and masonry by comparing advantages, disadvantages, structural strength and durability, cost effectiveness and a study is done to see which material is more sustainable.