Many conditions within the oral cavity require the use of a mouthwash. This can vary from breath fresheners to treatment
of life threatening secondary infections such as oral mucositis in patients undergoing bone marrow transplant therapy. The
use of mouthwashes requires a correct diagnosis of the oral condition and a thorough knowledge of the product in question
to achieve effective treatment. It is the objective of this review to help health care workers in South Africa make the correct
choice of treatment when dealing with diverse conditions of the oral cavity.