Tooth mark frequencies on long bones are examined from the assemblages of all three extant bone-collecting hyaenids. Comparisons are made with a recent study examining tooth mark frequencies and possible sources of variation from a single spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) assemblage (Faith, J.T., 2007. Sources of variation in carnivore tooth-mark frequencies in a modern spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) den assemblage, Amboseli Park, Kenya. Journal of Archaeological Science 34 (10), 1601–1609). The factors that may influence tooth mark frequencies are fragment size, fragments from different sized animals, region of skeletal element and bone density. All four factors are examined in the present study and compared across species and with previous results. The results indicate that there is a great deal of variation in tooth mark frequencies not only between the species but also from the same species.