Springbok behaviour as affected by environmental conditions in the Kalahari

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dc.contributor.author Stapelberg, F. Hein
dc.contributor.author Van Rooyen, M.W. (Margaretha W.), 1950-
dc.contributor.author Bothma, Jacobus du P.
dc.contributor.author Van der Linde, Michael J. (Mike)
dc.contributor.author Groeneveld, Hendrik T.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-05-27T07:24:37Z
dc.date.available 2009-05-27T07:24:37Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.description.abstract Springbok behavioural ecology in the Kalahari was examined with the use of public questionnaires and field forms. Springbok favoured grass and forbs overall more than shrubs and trees, but diet selection was influenced by time of day and season. Feeding was the most common activity and the frequency of occurrence varied during the day and between seasons. Weather and microhabitat conditions were found to have a significant effect on the feeding behaviour. Springbok fed in direct sunlight in the mornings and moved into the shade during the afternoon. More time was spent feeding in the shade during the warmer months than during the colder months, especially under northerly to northeasterly wind directions. Natural licks were commonly utilised. Herd sizes were found to increase during the cold-dry season and decrease during the hot-wet season. Springbok and blue wildebeest appeared to avoid competition by niche separation. The study showed that springbok behaviour was significantly affected by environmental conditions. These results imply that changes in climatic conditions, such as those predicted by climate change, or changes in vegetation structure due to degradation, can negatively affect springbok behaviour. en
dc.identifier.citation Stapelberg, M, Van Rooyen, MW, Bothma, JduP, Van Der Linde, MJ, Groeneveld, HT 2008,’Springbok behaviour as affected by environmental conditions in the Kalahari, ‘Koedoe, vol. 50, no. 1, pp.145-153 [www.sanparks.org] en
dc.identifier.issn 0075-6458
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/10184
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher South African National Parks en
dc.rights South African National Parks en
dc.subject Antidorcas marsupialis en
dc.subject Climate en
dc.subject Feeding ecology en
dc.subject Questionnaire en
dc.subject Seasonality en
dc.subject.lcsh Springbok -- Kalahari -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Animal behavior -- Kalahari -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Antidorcas en
dc.subject.lcsh Springbok -- Behavior -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Animal ecology -- Kalahari -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Springbok -- Food en
dc.title Springbok behaviour as affected by environmental conditions in the Kalahari en
dc.type Article en


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