Growth is essential for any business to ensure survival and long term profitability.
For the purposes of this study long term SME success is argued from a positive growth perspective. Crijns identified four key success factors of business growth namely resources, external factors, organisational factors and entrepreneurial orientation. This paper investigates the possible impact of employing illegal migrants on these four success factors. A literature study was conducted to substantiate the proposition that the employment of illegal migrants has a negative impact on SME growth and thus subsequent success. The resultant difference between employing legal and illegal migrants will also be addressed.