Ten pregnant buffalo cows, six of which were subsequently shown to be carriers of SAT 1, 2 and 3 viruses, were captured in the Kruger National Park (KNP) and allowed to calve in captivity. The buffalo cows and calves were separated by a fence from 6 FMD susceptible cattle but the buffalo and cattle were obliged to use common drinking troughs and hay racks. Over a period of 15 months, during which the buffalo calves lost their maternally-derived immunity, neither the buffalo calves nor the susceptible cattle became infected with FMD virus.
By the end of the observation period, however, only 1 buffalo cow still had detectable virus in its oesophageal/pharyngeal specimens.
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