The International Labour Organisation (ILO) (2010) estimates that there could be more than 306 million children worldwide currently involved in work. Of those children, 215 million are considered to be child labourers. Of the percentage of children who are child labourers, 115 million are exposed to hazardous conditions. Such figures are merely estimates as precise numbers of children in labour are difficult to decipher because many cases of child labour go unreported. Children work in informal settings where they participate in activities such as scavenging, shining shoes, or on family enterprises. Such cases of child labour are not easily visible and are, thus, difficult to regulate. Children also work in the formal sector in a variety of industries such as in agriculture, manufacturing, fishing, construction, and domestic services. The ILO estimates that, of all child labourers, about two thirds (64 percent) are unpaid family workers, while only 21 percent are involved in paid employment, and five percent are self-employed. Children in the rural areas are more likely to work than children in the urban areas. The child labour distribution by sex tilts towards boys with 54 percent participating in labour while only 46 percent of those who work are girls.
Serwadda-Luwaga, James(University of Pretoria, 2006-10-17)
The objective of the research is two-fold. Firstly, the research aims to arrive at a meaningful estimate of child labour in South Africa, and secondly, to establish a link between child labour and scholastic retardation. ...
Labour may impose severe pain, yet women experience the intensity of pain differently.
The severity of labour pain is frequently underestimated by women, midwives and
clinicians. Pain assessment is considered the key to ...
Van Eck, B.P.S. (Stefan); Mathiba, M.K.(Juta Law, 2014-04)
Since the inception of the Labour Courts in 1996 there have been
problems regarding the alignment of South Africa’s labour dispute resolution
institutions and the civil High Courts. The drafters of the post-constitutional ...