Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from South Africa:
Camarosporium aloes, Phaeococcomyces aloes and Phoma aloes from Aloe, C. psoraleae, Diaporthe psoraleae
and D. psoraleae-pinnatae from Psoralea, Colletotrichum euphorbiae from Euphorbia, Coniothyrium prosopidis and
Peyronellaea prosopidis from Prosopis, Diaporthe cassines from Cassine, D. diospyricola from Diospyros, Diaporthe
maytenicola from Maytenus, Harknessia proteae from Protea, Neofusicoccum ursorum and N. cryptoaustrale from
Eucalyptus, Ochrocladosporium adansoniae from Adansonia, Pilidium pseudoconcavum from Greyia radlkoferi,
Stagonospora pseudopaludosa from Phragmites and Toxicocladosporium ficiniae from Ficinia. Several species were
also described from Thailand, namely: Chaetopsina pini and C. pinicola from Pinus spp., Myrmecridium thailandicum
from reed litter, Passalora pseudotithoniae from Tithonia, Pallidocercospora ventilago from Ventilago, Pyricularia
bothriochloae from Bothriochloa and Sphaerulina rhododendricola from Rhododendron. Novelties from Spain include
Cladophialophora multiseptata, Knufia tsunedae and Pleuroascus rectipilus from soil and Cyphellophora catalaunica
from river sediments. Species from the USA include Bipolaris drechsleri from Microstegium, Calonectria blephiliae
from Blephilia, Kellermania macrospora (epitype) and K. pseudoyuccigena from Yucca. Three new species are
described from Mexico, namely Neophaeosphaeria agaves and K. agaves from Agave and Phytophthora ipomoeae
from Ipomoea. Other African species include Calonectria mossambicensis from Eucalyptus (Mozambique), Harzia
cameroonensis from an unknown creeper (Cameroon), Mastigosporella anisophylleae from Anisophyllea (Zambia)
and Teratosphaeria terminaliae from Terminalia (Zimbabwe). Species from Europe include Auxarthron longisporum
from forest soil (Portugal), Discosia pseudoartocreas from Tilia (Austria), Paraconiothyrium polonense and
P. lycopodinum from Lycopodium (Poland) and Stachybotrys oleronensis from Iris (France). Two species of Chrysosporium
are described from Antarctica, namely C. magnasporum and C. oceanitesii. Finally, Licea xanthospora
is described from Australia, Hypochnicium huinayensis from Chile and Custingophora blanchettei from Uruguay.
Novel genera of Ascomycetes include Neomycosphaerella from Pseudopentameris macrantha (South Africa), and
Paramycosphaerella from Brachystegia sp. (Zimbabwe). Novel hyphomycete genera include Pseudocatenomycopsis
from Rothmannia (Zambia), Neopseudocercospora from Terminalia (Zambia) and Neodeightoniella from Phragmites
(South Africa), while Dimorphiopsis from Brachystegia (Zambia) represents a novel coelomycetous genus.
Furthermore, Alanphillipsia is introduced as a new genus in the Botryosphaeriaceae with four species, A. aloes,
A. aloeigena and A. aloetica from Aloe spp. and A. euphorbiae from Euphorbia sp. (South Africa). A new combination
is also proposed for Brachysporium torulosum (Deightoniella black tip of banana) as Corynespora torulosa.
Morphological and culture characteristics along with ITS DNA barcodes are provided for all taxa.