INTRODUCTION : Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common genetic disorder in Caucasians. Presentation of CF in non-Caucasians is less well studied.
OBJECTIVE : This audit was undertaken to determine the phenotypic expression of the 3120+1GNA mutation in black and mixed race children in
METHODS : A multi-centre retrospective chart review of clinical, laboratory and spirometry data of non-Caucasian CF patients in four CF centres in
South Africa was collected. Data was collected at diagnosis and after a five-year follow-up period. Ethical approval was granted for the study.
RESULTS : A total of 30 participants were enrolled of whom 14 (47%) were homozygous and 16 (53%) heterozygous for the 3120+1GNA mutation.
The mean age of diagnosis was 13 months. Twenty-four (80%) patients had malnutrition (mean weight z-score −3.6) or failure to thrive (77%) at
presentation. Twenty (67%) presented with non-specific abdominal symptoms, whilst fifteen (50%) had recurrent respiratory tract infections.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa was detected at a mean age of 21 months. The mean FEV1 was 73% predicted (95% CI 54.0–91.1) at study entry and
68% predicted (95% CI 49.74–87.06) at follow-up.
CONCLUSION : Failure to thrive and a diagnosis of protein energy malnutrition (kwashiorkor) are the common presenting features of CF in children with
the 3120+1GNA mutation. Meconium ileus is a rare presenting feature of CF in black and mixed race children with this deletion in South Africa.