A study of rainfall trends and temporal variations within seven sub- basins of Uganda
spanning from 1940 to 2009 has been made. Rainfall climatologies are constructed from
observational data, using 36 station records which reflect hydro climatic conditions.
Long-term changes in rainfall characteristics were determined by non-parametric tests
(Mann-Kendall and Sen’s T tests), coefficient of variation, precipitation concentration
Index and drought severity index. Magnitude of change was estimated by applying Sen’s
estimator of slope. Decadal variability of rainfall with marked seasonal cycles is evident.
Temporal variability of drought patterns is detected. Variations in annual rainfall are low
with no significant trends observed in the main drainage sub-basins. Significant trends
occur in October, November, December and January. A noticeable decrease in the annual
total rainfall was observed mostly in north-western and south-western sub-basins.
Rainfall trend in the second normal of June-July-August (JJA) was decreasing in all the
main drainage sub-basins.