Fever is a normal physiological response to illness that facilitates and accelerates recovery. Although it is often associated with a self-limiting
viral infection in children, it may also be a presenting symptom of more serious conditions requiring urgent medical care. Therefore, it is
essential to distinguish between a child with fever who is at high risk of serious illness and who requires specific treatment, hospitalisation
or specialist care, and those at low risk who can be managed conservatively at home. This guideline aims to assist pharmacists, primary healthcare workers and general practitioners in risk-stratifying children who present with fever, deciding on when to refer, the appropriate
use of antipyretic medication and how to advise parents and caregivers.