Bovine Tuberculosis is a chronic debilitating disease of cattle and other animals with a worldwide distribution and transmitted mainly through the inhalation of aerosols. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of BTB in the cattle population of selected dip tanks in Swaziland. Furthermore, the zoonotic risk to farmers whose cattle are infected with BTB was assessed by means of a questionnaire survey. Abattoir surveillance identified 16 dip tanks of study where at least 10 % of the cattle were tested for BTB using the comparative intra-dermal skin. In five of these dip tanks, the same cattle were tested for BTB using the IFN-γ Test. Eight BTB skin test positive animals were slaughtered and a detailed post mortem examination was conducted and samples collected for the isolation of M. bovis. Concurrent with BTB testing, a questionnaire survey was conducted to determine risk factors for humans. The prevalence of BTB was found to be 6.75 % in the study population and 20 % of BTB positive animals were diagnosed by both the CIST and IFN-γ, indicating a correlation for the test positive animals in the two tests. M. bovis was isolated from seven of the eight animals slaughtered. Farmers’ knowledge of BTB as a cattle disease and serious zoonosis is insufficient and inadequate while consumption practices of products of bovine origin exposes them to the risk of infection by M. bovis. There is a need to investigate the extent of M. bovis infections in the human population.