Research Articles (Equine Research Centre)

Research Articles (Equine Research Centre)

 

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Recent Submissions

  • Schulman, Martin L.; May, Catherine Edith; Joone, Carolynne J.; Monyai, Mpho S.; Guthrie, Alan John; Gerstenberg, C.; Naidoo, R.; Pienaar, J. (Elsevier, 2012-11)
    The first outbreak of Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM) due to Taylorella equigenitalis in South Africa was reported to the OIE in May 2011 subsequent to importation of a stallion, the index case. Two additional positive ...
  • Weyer, Camilla Theresa; Guthrie, Alan John; Sergeant, Evan S.; Grewar, John D. (Public Library of Science, 2016-03-17)
    African horse sickness (AHS) is a severe, often fatal, arbovirus infection of horses, transmitted by Culicoides spp. midges. AHS occurs in most of sub-Saharan Africa and is a significant impediment to export of live ...
  • Weyer, Camilla Theresa; Zientara, S.; Lecollinet, S. (International Office of Epizootics, 2015)
    African horse sickness (AHS) is a devastating disease of equids caused by an arthropod-borne virus belonging to the Reoviridae family, genus Orbivirus. It is considered a major health threat for horses in endemic areas ...
  • Schulman, Martin L.; Guthrie, Alan John; Stout, T.A.E. (Tom); Becker, A.; Van der Merwe, B.D. (Wiley, 2015-03)
    REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY : EHV-1 is one of the most common causes of infectious abortion in mares. Analyzing the demography of outbreaks and detailing subsequent reproductive performance of affected mares will assist ...
  • Labuschagne, Karien; Guthrie, Alan John; Gordon, Stuart J.G.; Bolwell, Charlotte; Rogers, Chris; Musuka, Godfrey; Kelly, Patrick; Denison, Eric; Mellor, Philip S.; Hamblin, Christopher (AOSIS OpenJournals, 2015-05-29)
    A study of the distribution of Culicoides species was conducted by establishing 12 light trap sites over five rainy seasons between 1998 and 2003 covering all the geo-climatic natural regions of Zimbabwe. In total, 279 ...
  • Van Vuuren, Moritz; Quan, Melvyn; Guthrie, Alan John; Rathogwa, Ntungufhadzeni Maclaughlin; Smit J.Q.; Lourens C. (Elsevier, 2014-01)
    Equine encephalosis virus (EEV) is the cause of equine encephalosis. The disease is similar to mild forms of African horse sickness (AHS) and the two diseases are easily confused. Laboratory identification and serotyping ...
  • Miller, Susan M.; Funston, Paul J.; San, E. Do Linh (Southern African Wildlife Management Association, 2014-04)
    Managers of reintroduced lion (Panthera leo) populations in small reserves (<1000 km2) in South Africa are challenged by high rates of population increase and how best to control them.We combined data from 14 small, ...
  • Tarr, Carolynne Jane; Guthrie, Alan John; Harper, Cindy Kim; Thompson, P.N. (Peter N.) (Wiley, 2014-07)
    REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY : The carrier prevalence of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), lavender foal syndrome (LFS) and cerebellar abiotrophy (CA) in Arabian foals in South Africawas determined in order to ...
  • Miller, Susan M.; Harper, Cindy Kim; Bloomer, Paulette; Hofmeyr, Jennifer; Funston, Paul J. (Oxford University Press, 2014-11)
    The South African lion (Panthera leo) population is highly fragmented. One third of its wild lions occur in small (<1000 km2) reserves. These lions were reintroduced from other areas of the species’ historical range. ...
  • Saulez, Montague Newton; Guthrie, Alan John; Morley, Paul S.; Bromberek, J.L.; Hinchcliff, Kenneth W. (Wiley, 2015-05)
    REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY : Exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) occurs commonly in Thoroughbred racehorses worldwide. While EIPH is believed to be an important cause of impaired performance in these horses, ...
  • Guthrie, Alan John; MacLachlan, N.J. (James); Joone, Christopher; Lourens, Carina W.; Weyer, Camilla Theresa; Quan, Melvyn; Monyai, Mpho S.; Gardner, Ian A. (Elsevier, 2013)
    Blood samples collected from 503 suspect cases of African horse sickness (AHS) and another 503 from uninfected, unvaccinated South African horses, as well as 98 samples from horses from an AHS free country, were tested ...
  • Weyer, Camilla Theresa; Quan, Melvyn; Joone, Christopher; Lourens, Carina W.; MacLachlan, N.J. (James); Guthrie, Alan John; Weyer, Camilla Theresa (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013-01)
    To determine whether subclinical cases, together with clinical cases, of African horse sickness (AHS) occur in immunised horses in field conditions, whole blood samples were collected and rectal temperatures recorded ...
  • Grewar, John Duncan; Weyer, Camilla Theresa; Guthrie, Alan John; Quan, Melvyn; Koen, Pieter; Davey, Sewellyn; Visser, Dawid; Rossouw, Esthea; Buhrmann, Gary (OpenJournals Publishing, 2013-11-15)
    African horse sickness (AHS) is a controlled animal disease in South Africa, and as a result of the high mortality rates experienced, outbreaks in the AHS controlled area in the Western Cape Province have a significant ...
  • Van Sittert, Sybrand J.; Weyer, Camilla Theresa; Guthrie, Alan John; Drew, Tessa M.; Kotze, Johann L.; Strydom, Tom (OpenJournals Publishing, 2013-09-13)
    This is the first case of African horse sickness (AHS) in a dog where there was no apparent ingestion of horse meat. Significantly, the dog was part of a colony that resides in a Good Clinical Practice and Good Laboratory ...
  • Harper, Cindy Kim; Miller, Susan M.; Cho, Yun Sung; Hu, Li; Hou, Haolong; Lee, Hang; Xu, Jiaohui; Kwon, Soowhan; Oh, Sukhun; Kim, Hak-Min; Jho, Sungwoong; Kim, Sangsoo; Shin, Young-Ah; Kim, Byung Chul; Kim, Hyunmin; Kim, Chang-uk; Luo, Shu-Jin; Johnson, Warren E.; Koepfli, Klaus-Peter; Schmidt-Küntzel, Anne; Turner, Jason A.; Marker, Laurie; Jacobs, Wilhelm; Bertola, Laura D.; Kim, Tae Hyung; Lee, Sunghoon; Zhou, Qian; Jung, Hyun-Ju; Xu, Xiao; Gadhvi, Priyvrat; Xu, Pengwei; Xiong, Yingqi; Luo, Yadan; Pan, Shengkai; Gou, Caiyun; Chu, Xiuhui; Zhang, Jilin; Liu, Sanyang; He, Jing; Chen, Ying; Yang, Linfeng; Yang, Yulan; He, Jiaju; Liu, Sha; Wang, Junyi; Kim, Chul Hong; Kwak, Hwanjong; Kim, Jong-Soo; Hwang, Seungwoo; Ko, Junsu; Kim, Chang-Bae; Kim, Sangtae; Bayarlkhagva, Damdin; Paek, Woon Kee; Kim, Seong-Jin; O’Brien, Stephen J.; Wang, Jun; Bhak, Jong (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-09)
    Tigers and their close relatives (Panthera) are some of the world’s most endangered species. Here we report the de novo assembly of an Amur tiger whole-genome sequence as well as the genomic sequences of a white Bengal ...
  • Guthrie, Alan John; Gordon, Stuart; Bolwell, Charlotte; Rogers, Chris; Magunda, Forgivemore; Hove, Petronella (AOSIS Open Journals, 2013-05-24)
    A study of the prevalence of African horse sickness in horses was conducted, using records from two private equine practices in Harare for the period 1998–2004. Results indicated a higher prevalence of the disease in ...
  • Groom, R.J. (Rosemary); Lindsey, Peter Andrew; Miller, Susan M.; Packer, C.; Loveridge, A.; Canney, S.; Caro, T.; Garnett, S.T.; Pfeifer, Marion; Zander, K.K.; Swanson, A.; MacNulty, D.; Balme, Guy Andrew; Bauer, H.; Begg, C.M.; Begg, K.S.; Bhalla, S.; Bissett, C.; Bodasing, T.; Brink, H.; Burger, A.; Burton, A.C.; Clegg, B.; Dell, S.; Delsink, Audrey K.; Dickerson, T.; Dloniak, S.M.; Druce, D.; Frank, L.; Funston, Paul J.; Gichohi, N.; Hanekom, C.; Heath, B.; Hunter, Luke T.B.; De Iongh, Hans H.; Joubert, C.J.; Kasiki, S.M.; Kissui, B.; Knocker, W.; Leathem, B.; MacLennan, S.D.; McNutt, J.W.; Naylor, S.; Nel, P.; Ng'weno, C.; Nicholls, K.; Ogutu, J.O.; Okot-Omoya, E.; Patterson, B.D.; Plumptre, A.; Salerno, J.; Skinner, K.; Slotow, Robert; Sogbohossou, E.A.; Stratford, K.J.; Winterbach, Christiaan W.; Winterbach, Hanlie Evelyn Kathleen; Polasky, S. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013-05)
    Conservationists often advocate for landscape approaches to wildlife management while others argue for physical separation between protected species and human communities, but direct empirical comparisons of these alternatives ...
  • Guthrie, Alan John; Kutscha, J.; Sutton, D.G.M.; Preston, T. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012-11-27)
    Reasons for performing study: Imidocarb dipropionate is the drug of choice for equine piroplasmosis, but its administration causes severe colic and diarrhoea. An imidocarb protocol that reduces these signs is ...
  • Schulman, Martin L.; Annandale, C.H. (Cornelius Henry); Guthrie, Alan John; Bertschinger, H.J. (Hendrik Jan); Botha, A.E.; Muenscher, Stefanie B. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013-01)
    Reasons for performing study: Active immunisation against gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) provides a reversible method for control of oestrous behaviour and fertility in mares. Previous reports failed to demonstrate ...
  • Guthrie, Alan John; Ueti, Massaro W.; Mealey, Robert H.; Kappmeyer, Lowell S.; White, Stephen N.; Kumpula-McWhirter, Nancy; Pelzel, Angela M.; Grause, Juanita F.; Bunn, Thomas O.; Schwartz, Andy; Traub-Dargatz, Josie L.; Hendrickson, Amy; Espy, Benjamin; Fowler, W. Kent; Knowles, Donald P. (Public Library of Science, 2012-09-06)
    Arthropod-borne apicomplexan pathogens that cause asymptomatic persistent infections present a significant challenge due to their life-long transmission potential. Although anti-microbials have been used to ameliorate ...

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