The aim of this dissertation was the design, implementation and performance evaluation of a Recursive Least Squares (RLS), lattice based, adaptive, multidimensional, decision feedback equaliser (DFE) for the spectrally efficient four-dimensional digital modulation technique, re¬ferred to as Quadrature-Quadrature Phase-Shift Keying, Q2pSK. Q2PSK constitutes a relatively new modulation technique, and the application of adaptive equalisation to this technique has not yet been considered in the open literature. This dissertation represents an in depth study into the Q2PSK modulation technique, as well as the optimal implementation, in simulation, of such a modem to aid the inclusion of the adap¬tive lattice DFE, for application to high speed mobile digital communication over the V /UHF channel in the presence of multi path propagation. Specific aspects of synchronization applicable to this modem platform are also addressed. An in depth study was also conducted into the realisation of a V /UHF channel simulation, capable of producing a Ricean and/or Rayleigh fad¬ing multipath propagation environment for the evaluation of the modem platform and adaptive equaliser structure. The theoretical analysis of the effect of multi path on a Q2PSK signal led to the correct design of the adaptive lattice structure, as well as the correct interfacing of the equaliser to the receiver platform. The performance of the proposed synchronisation strategies, in tandem with the equalisation technique were evaluated for several static, as well as fading multipath channels. The simulation results obtained show the equaliser operates correctly, and can give large performance gains over the static matched filter (matched to the transmitted waveform) implementation of the modem platform. Several simulations were specifically designed to highlight the performance limitations of the adaptive equalisation technique.
Dissertation (MEng (Digital Communication))--University of Pretoria, 2006.