The radar transmitter identification problem involves the identification of a specific radar transmitter based on a received pulse. The radar transmitters are of identical make and model. This makes the problem challenging since the differences between radars of identical make and model will be solely due to component tolerances and variation. Radar pulses also vary in time and frequency which means that the problem is non-stationary. Because of this fact, time-frequency representations such as shift-invariant quadratic time-frequency representations (Cohen’s class) and wavelets were used. A model for a radar transmitter was developed. This consisted of an analytical solution to a pulse-forming network and a linear model of an oscillator. Three signal classification algorithms were developed. A signal classifier was developed that used a radially Gaussian Cohen’s class transform. This time-frequency representation was refined to increase the classification accuracy. The classification was performed with a support vector machine classifier. The second signal classifier used a wavelet packet transform to calculate the feature values. The classification was performed using a support vector machine. The third signal classifier also used the wavelet packet transform to calculate the feature values but used a Universum type classifier for classification. This classifier uses signals from the same domain to increase the classification accuracy. The classifiers were compared against each other on a cubic and exponential chirp test problem and the radar transmitter model. The classifier based on the Cohen’s class transform achieved the best classification accuracy. The classifier based on the wavelet packet transform achieved excellent results on an Electroencephalography (EEG) test dataset. The complexity of the wavelet packet classifier is significantly lower than the Cohen’s class classifier. Copyright
Dissertation (MEng)--University of Pretoria, 2010.