Finding an optimal solution to the problem of fast and efficient provisioning of reliable connections and failure recovery in future intelligent optical networks is an ongoing challenge. In this dissertation, we investigate and compare the performance of an adapted shared-path protection algorithm with a more conventional approach; both designed for survivable optical Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) mesh networks. The effect of different classes of service on performance is also investigated. Dedicated path protection is a proactive scheme which reserves spare resources to combat single link failures. Conventional Shared-path Protection (CSP) is desirable due to the efficient utilization of resources which results from the sharing of backup paths. Availability is an important performance assessment factor which measures the probability that a connection is in an operational state at some point in time. It is the instantaneous counterpart of reliability. Therefore, connections that do not meet their availability requirements are considered to be unreliable. Reliability Aware Shared-path Protection (RASP) adopts the advantages of CSP by provisioning reliable connections efficiently, but provides protection for unreliable connections only. With the use of a link disjoint parameter, RASP also permits the routing of partial link disjoint backup paths. A simulation study, which evaluates four performance parameters, is undertaken using a South African mesh network. The parameters that are investigated are: 1. Blocking Probability (BP), which considers the percentage of connection requests that are blocked, 2. Backup Success Ratio (BSR), which considers the number of connections that are successfully provisioned with a backup protection path, 3. Backup Primary Resource Ratio (BPR), which considers the ratio of resources utilized to cater for working traffic to the resources reserved for protection paths and lastly 4. Reliability Satisfaction Ratio (RSR), which evaluates the ratio of provisioned connections that meet their availability requirements to the total number of provisioned connections. Under dynamic traffic conditions with varying network load, simulation results show that RASP can provision reliable connections and satisfy Service Level Agreement (SLA) requirements. A competitive Blocking Probability (BP) and lower Backup Primary Resource Ratio (BPR) signify an improvement in resource utilization efficiency. A higher Backup Success Ratio (BSR) was also achieved under high Quality of Service (QoS) constraints. The significance of different availability requirements is evaluated by creating three categories, high availability, medium availability and low availability. These three categories represent three classes of service, with availability used as the QoS parameter. Within each class, the performance of RASP and CSP is observed and analyzed, using the parameters described above. Results show that both the BP and BPR increase with an increase in the availability requirements. The RSR decreases as the reliability requirements increase and a variation in BSR is also indicated.
Dissertation (MEng)--University of Pretoria, 2009.