Three cardiac glycosides were screened for pharmacological effects on isolated rat jejunum. The contraction of rat jejunum with epoxyscillirosidin, a non-cumulative bufadienolide, and cotyledoside and tyledoside D, both cumulative neurotoxic bufadienolides were compared with methacholine. The results indicate that all three bufadienolides cause contraction of jejunal smooth muscle. When combined with atropine (1X10ˉ⁶ M) the response of epoxyscillirosidin and tyledoside D decreased, indicating suppression of a cholinergic response caused by the cardiac glycosides.
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