Globalisation and the transfer of powers from state constitutional systems to international
organisations (IOs) have led to several deficiencies, especially with regard to checks and
balances in global governance. The need to inculcate the rule of law and constitutionalism in
global governance has therefore gained currency in the 21st century. This has been exemplified
by calls for the reform of the United Nations (UN) and the extensive reforms in regional IOs,
such as the European Union (EU), with emphasis on institutional balance and the tempering of
political power with institutional controls.
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Law University of Pretoria, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Masters of Law (LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa). Prepared under the supervision of Dr. Jacqui Gallinetti
Faculty of Law, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa. 2010.
Thesis (LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa)) -- University of Pretoria, 2010.