Foreign policy has generally speaking been the traditional ‘responsibility of national governments’. This is
particularly true of states with unitary systems of governments but is less true in federalist states.Federalist states are states which have adopted a system of government whereby ‘powers are divided and
shared between constituent governments and a general government having certain nation-wide’
responsibilities’. Federalism is often adopted by pluralistic societies to ensure a system of uniformity
while accommodating differences and to maintain national security and economic unity. By their nature,
federalist states share responsibilities and powers between the central and constituent units.
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Law University of Pretoria, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Masters of Law (LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa). Prepared under the supervision of Prof. Nico Steytler, Faculty of Law, University of Western Cape, South Africa. 2010
Thesis (LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa)) -- University of Pretoria, 2010.