In the wake of the 11 September 2001 attacks in the United States (U.S.), many states, responding
to United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolutions, began to adopt an increased array of
counter-terrorism measures.The Security Council had not in the beginning pre-empted the risk of
counter-terrorism measures violating counter-terrorism human rights as it failed to immediately refer to states‟ duty
to respect human rights in their responses to terrorism. It was only in 2003, in Resolution 1456,
that the Security Council stated such duty by providing that „states must ensure that any measures
taken to combat terrorism must comply with all their obligations under international law, in
particular international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law".
Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Law University of Pretoria, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Masters of Law (LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa). Prepared under the supervision of Prof. Nii A. Kotey, Faculty of Law, University of Ghana. Ghana. 2010.
Thesis (LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa)) -- University of Pretoria, 2010.