The primary aim of this study was to explore the lived-experiences of teachers who were responsible for the presentation of the official HIV & AIDS Programme of the Department of Education of South Africa. The study was motivated by the fact that it seemed as if schools do not implement the prescribed programmes as research has indicated that a mere 18% of schools are following a Sexuality Education Programme with HIV & AIDS as a core component. Experts commonly hold the view that HIV infection can be prevented through education and positive changes in sexual behaviour. The spread and the rising incidence of HIV & AIDS in South Africa are damaging our society and our education system. Many schools are already experiencing great difficulties, and school communities no longer depend on healthy learners, stable families, competent teachers or a strong economy. The findings of this study indicated teachers’ perceptions and experiences of the HIV & AIDS programme. Although the implementation of HIV & AIDS programmes in schools was made compulsory, the study indicated that schools
were not adhering to this requirement, due to factors such as a lack of sound management practices in schools, insufficient training of teachers and school managers and uninvolved stakeholders.